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Sigiswald Kuijken
Musica d'assieme

Mauro Valli

 

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Curriculum

 

S

igiswald Kuijken, uno dei più grandi specialisti viventi per la musica antica, è nato nel 1944 nei pressi di Bruxelles. Ha studiato violino nei conservatori di Bruges e Bruxelles, completando i suoi studi con Maurice Raskin nel 1964. Fin da giovane è entrato in contatto con la musica antica, assieme al fratello Wieland. Grazie ad uno studio personale, ha conseguito una conoscenza accurata e particolareggiata della prassi esecutiva dei secoli XVII e XVIII. Ciò lo ha portato nel 1969 ad introdurre una tecnica violinistica storicamente più fondata, per la quale lo strumento non si tiene stretto sotto il mento, ma sta libero sulla spalla. Questa tecnica ha avuto un'influenza decisiva sull’approccio al repertorio violinistico ed è stata adottata da molti esecutori fin dai primi anni ’70.

Dal 1964 al 1972, Sigiswald Kuijken è stato membro dell’Ensemble Alarius di Bruxelles (con Wieland Kuijken, Robert Kohnen e Janine Rubinlicht), con il quale si è esibito in tutta Europa e negli Stati Uniti. Ha intrapreso poi progetti cameristici individuali con un gran numero di specialisti della musica barocca, primi tra tutti i suoi fratelli Wieland e Barthold, Gustav Leonhardt e Robert Kohnen, ma anche Anner Bylsma, Frans Bruggen e René Jacobs.

Nel 1972, con l’incoraggiamento della  Deutsche Harmonia Mundi e di Gustav Leonhardt, fonda l’orchestra barocca La Petite Bande, che da allora ha tenuto innumerevoli concerti in tutta Europa, Australia, Sud America, Cina e Giappone ed ha effettuato numerose registrazioni per un gran numero di case discografiche (Deutsche Harmonia Mundi, Seon, Accent, Denon e Hyperion).

Nel 1986 fonda il Kuijken String Quartet (con François Fernandez, Marleen Thiers e Wieland Kuijken), che si concentra su quartetti e quintetti (con Ryo Terakado prima viola) del periodo classico. Per la Denon, il gruppo ha realizzato incisioni di quartetti e quintetti di Mozart e Haydn.

Dal 1971 al 1996, Sigiswald Kuijken ha insegnato violino barocco al Koninklijk Conservatorium a L’Aja; dal 1993 è stato docente presso il Koninklijk Muziekconservatorium di Bruxelles. Inoltre, per molti anni è stato chiamato come insegnante ospite in un gran numero di istituzioni (tra cui il Royal College of Music di Londra, l’Università di Salamanca e l’Accademia Chigiana di Siena).

Dal 1998, Sigiswald Kuijken occasionalmente dirige orchestre sinfoniche "moderne" in programmi romantici (Schumann, Brahms, Mendelssohn).

Nel 2009 è stato insignito del prestigioso Premio alla carriera del Governo Fiammingo.

Sigiswald Kuijken ed i corsi dell'ILMA

Sigiswald Kuijken si è unito al corpo docente dell'ILMA a partire dal 2014.

 

 

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Sigiswald Kuijken - Ensemble Music

 

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igiswald Kuijken was born in 1944 close to Brussels. He studied violin at the conservatories of Bruges and Brussels, completing his studies at the latter institution with Maurice Raskin in 1964. He came into contact with early music at a very young age, together with his brother Wieland. Studying on his own, he gained a thorough knowledge of specific 17th- and 18th-century performance techniques and conventions of interpretation on violin and viola da gamba This led to the introduction, in 1969, of a more authentic way of playing the violin, whereby the instrument was no longer held under the chin, but lay freely on the shoulder; this was to have a crucial influence on the approach to the violin repertoire and was consequently adopted by many players starting in the early 1970s.

From 1964 to 1972, Sigiswald Kuijken was a member of the Brussels-based Alarius Ensemble (with Wieland Kuijken, Robert Kohnen and Janine Rubinlicht), which performed throughout Europe and in the United States. He subsequently undertook individual chamber music projects with a number of Baroque music specialists, chief among which were his brothers Wieland and Barthold and Robert Kohnen, as well as Gustav Leonhardt, , Frans Bruggen Anner Bylsma and René Jacobs.

In 1972, with the encouragement of Deutsche Harmonia Mundi and Gustav Leonhardt, he founded the Baroque orchestra La Petite Bande, which since then has given innumerable concerts throughout Europe, Australia, South America, China and Japan, and has made many recordings for a number of labels (including Deutsche Harmonia Mundi, Seon, Virgin, Accent, Denon, Hyperion, Challenge, ...).

In 1986 he founded the Kuijken String Quartet (with François Fernandez, Marleen Thiers and Wieland Kuijken), which specialises in the quartets and quintets (with Ryo Terakado as first violist) of the Classical period. Recordings of quartets and quintets by Mozart and Haydn have appeared on Denon.

Since 1998 Sigiswald Kuijken occasionally brings together two generations Kuijken (his daughters Veronica and Sara and his brother Wieland) to perform string quartets of later periods (Debussy, Schumann, Beethoven, Schubert) often combined with Lieder by Marie Kuijken, soprano and also daughter of Sigiswald, and Veronica Kuijken, piano. Recordings of the two generations have been made for Arcana and Challenge Records.

In 2004 Sigiswald Kuijken reintroduced in practical performance the Violoncello da spalla (shoulder cello, very probably the instrument Bach had in mind when writing his six cello solos): concerts and recordings of Bach, Vivaldi, ...

From 1971 to 1996, Sigiswald Kuijken taught Baroque violin at the Koninklijk Conservatorium in The Hague and from 1993 to 2009 at the Koninklijk Muziekconservatorium in Brussels. In addition, he has for many years been in demand as a guest teacher at a number of institutions (including the Royal College of Music in London, Salamanca University, the Accademia Chigiana in Siena, the Conservatoire of Geneva, the Musikhochschule of Leipzig).

Since 1998, Sigiswald Kuijken occasionally conducts “modern” symphonic orchestras in romantic programs ( Beethoven, Schumann, Brahms, Mendelssohn).

On 2 February 2007, Sigiswald Kuijken received an honorary doctorate of the K.U. Leuven.
He was granted in February 2009 the prestigious "Life Achievement Award of the Flemish Government".

 

Sigiswald Kuijken and ILMA courses

Sigiswald Kuijken joined ILMA since 2014.

 

 

 

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